Secure the bottom front (tack) of the mainsail and jib to their respective shackles on the boom and the bow of the boat.
Sailboats cannot sail directly into the wind. As shown below, the red zone in the diagram indicates a "no go" zone when under sail. To sail to windward, a sailing vessel must sail about 45-50 degrees off the wind and change direction by tacking (or zig-zag).
Although the mainsail is hoisted first, it is the jib that is trimmed first. There are two jib sheets, one for each side of the boat. Pull on the jib sheet on the the side away from the wind (leeward side). This is the active sheet while the other is called the lazy sheet.
Let out the main sheet until the front edge just starts to luff, then pull it back just until it stops.
When you step aboard a crewed yacht for your vacation, it might help to think of your captain and crew as your hosts.
Perform a detailed visual check, determine the wind direction, point the boat into the wind...
The part of the brain that controls balance becomes confused because it sees objects that are normally stationary, such as pictures and furniture, suddenly become mobile.
Watch the front of the sail edge on the main and jib, watch your wind indicators (telltales), close reach...
Some researchers attribute the invention of mankind sail almost the forward wheel, which is understandable - the river served us and sometimes fishing, and communication routes.
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